After selecting a suitable topic for your research project, you must decide whether you want to use research questions or hypothesis method. Research questions and hypothesis are tools that are used in different research methods. The difference between research questions and hypotheses is quite simple, once you know research writing. For most research projects, using one of the two methods is acceptable, although in some cases you may feel that one method is more appropriate than the other.
Both research questions and hypothesis are written before the research begins and are used to guide the research. For hypothesis methods, researchers use logical and scientific results to confirm the assumptions. While research question is based on experience when researchers use observations to understand the topic.
What is a research question?
A research question is a simple question or a problem that your research needs to address. It is the first step in a research project. In other words, the research question reflects the problem statement, objective and aim of your research. So you must have an idea of your problem and the research question. You cannot answer the question in a vague manner, rather provide detailed and analytical evidence on how and why it is with your answer. Examples of good research questions can include following features.
- Concrete with a strong focus
- Clear and easy to understand
- Applicable significantly to your field of study
- Relevant answer – collect necessary data
What is a hypothesis?
Unlike a research question, a research hypothesis is a statement made by the researcher that reflects the potential results of a study or an experiment. A hypothesis is based on reasonable grounds. It can be derived from previous research or theory, and its confirmation or denial can contribute to the theory or practice of education. Researchers can develop their own hypotheses based on informal observations or their own experience. They can also develop this by studying existing literature.
The purpose of your research is to prove or disprove your hypothesis. Like search-based questions, you do not have to provide vague answers, but you need to make sure that the problem has been examined in detail and provides a critical analysis of the results.
How the research question is different from research hypothesis?
- A research question addresses questions that may arise out of curiosity or as a consequence of testing a hypothesis.
- A Hypothesis is a logical interpretation of a set of facts that provides a verifiable framework for interpreting past observations. The test designed to support the hypothesis is a research question.
Difference between research questions and hypothesis
- A research question demonstrates the subject around which the research has been conducted. It’s a general question that gives a reader an overview of what you are trying to discover. On the other hand, a hypothesis is a verifiable statement, which is based on logic, statistical data, and the data you gather.
- A research question concentrates on why something is happening. Whereas, a research hypothesis answers why something happens. But, it is focused on proving or disproving that nothing is different from the norm.
- A research question prompts you to conduct research to find the answer. While a hypothesis is a statement that you make without any proof to answer the research question.
To put it simply, the hypotheses are developed following the results of literature review. In the case of research questions, they develop a foundation of the research and derived from problem statement. We hope you understood the difference between the research questions and hypotheses.
Apart from hypothesis development, you must know how to paraphrase as your entire work depends upon your writing skill and paraphrasing is its keystone. While you are at it, you need to consider writing significance of research section which adds value to your dissertation. If you do not get it, write to us so our academic consultants can guide you with the best of their knowledge.